Why a National Action Plan on Racism is Needed
Racism is a complex and multifaceted issue that takes many forms. It can be directed at migrants/asylum seekers; it can take the form of discrimination and hatred on the basis of skin colour and it can be directed at communities that are both new or long standing in Ireland.
Racism can be deliberate, but it can also spring from a lack awareness/education or from the manipulation of fears for political and other purposes.
While some forms of racism such as discrimination in goods and services and employment are well covered by the Equality legislation, other forms highlighted below are less well dealt with either through legislation or policy initiatives.
Racism Not Covered in Legislation
Racist Abuse and Harassment
Racist abuse and harassment is more likely to be reported by the media when it happens to someone of higher profile, such as sports stars. The following highlight this form of racism:
Racist abuse directed at Cyrus Christie (November 2017) which lead to formal complaint to the FAI.
Racism experienced by Jason Sherlock both as a child and a GAA player aired in recent documentary and in statements he made highlighting the issue in 2012
Racism experienced by Lee Chin (hurling) throughout his career. The Irish Echo reported ‘Two members of Duffry Rovers club in Wexford were last week suspended for eight weeks after the referee reported alleged racist comments directed at Sarsfield’s Lee Chin in a recent club game. Chin is a member of the Wexford senior football panel and also plays under 21 hurling for the county’
Investigation of recent racist abuse experienced by Simon Zebo in recent Ulster/Racing fixture in Belfast.
Tackling racist abuse and harassment requires a broad based approach, such as effective codes within sporting organisations; education and awareness strategies and a zero tolerance approach involving organisations and the Gardai working together
Racism at an institutional level
Anti-minority discourse by politicians and political parties seeking to make political advantage by pandering to prejudice is in the increase across Europe and is evident in countries such as Poland, Austria, Germany, France and Italy.
One of most successful initiatives arising from the previous National Plan Against Racism ‘Planning for Diversity’ 2005-2008 was the development of a political protocol endorsed by all the main political parties and re endorsed prior to elections/referendums. The Protocol ensured that parties would not exploit prejudice towards vulnerable groups for political purposes, including migrants, refugees and asylum seekers and the Traveller community.
Pro-active measures such as the political protocol can help decrease the opportunities or political forms of racism, particularly at election time and this political dimension should be highlighted in a new National Plan against Racism.
Acts of violence motivated by racism
While acts of violence motivated by racism are relatively rare in Ireland, this should not make us complacent as recent examples include the arson attack on a proposed Direct provision centre in Roosky, County Roscommon (January 2019).
Such violence is not new. In 2013 the Irish Refugee Council (IRC) has expressed concern for the safety of residents in a reception centre in Finglas where there have been a series of what appear to be racially motivated attacks. A number of residents have been struck with heavy objects from a speeding car. In one incident, an individual was hit on the back of the head and was hospitalised.
Latest Research on Racism
There is an emerging body of research in Ireland that’s shows that racism needs to be addressed in a number of ways, including proactively as part of a National Plan. For example:
“Who experiences discrimination in Ireland? Evidence from the QNHS Equality Modules” shows 1 in 8 people experience racism and that Travellers experience much higher levels of discrimination in the workplace and in access to public and private services.
There are many other recent research reports that provide an insight into the nature and forms of racism in Ireland including for example:
Irish Human Rights and Equality Authority and Economic and Social Research Institute. (2018). ‘Discrimination and Inequality in Housing in Ireland’. (IHREC and ESRI, 2018)
‘Life Cycle of a Hate Crime’ Schweppe et al.
Additionally a range of international human rights bodies at United Nations and Council of Europe levels have called for Ireland to develop a new Action Plan Against Racism (e.g. ICERD 2011; ECRI 2013; ICCPR 2014).
Success of First Plan 2005-2008
A Department of justice website highlights the impact of the first National Action Plan against Racism 2005-2008 and states:
‘In 2005, Ireland showed leadership in the area of combating racism by becoming one of the first states in the world to develop a National Action Plan against Racism (NAPR) which ran for four years to 2008 and set as its strategic direction a goal of developing a more intercultural and inclusive society.
At the heart of the Plan was an integration-driven approach with supports being provided towards the development of a number of national and local strategies promoting greater integration in our workplaces, in An Garda Síochána, the health service, in our education system, in the arts and sports sectors and within our local authorities. Many of the initiatives and practices instigated through the NAPR continued to be developed and implemented in the years after the Plan’s expiry’
We Cannot be Complacent About Racism
It is quite clear that we can’t be complacent about racism in Ireland. We need a comprehensive and integrated approach to tackling racism that brings together all key stakeholders including the communities themselves.
We need to be proactive in building bridges with the communities that experience racism in Ireland and innovative and strategic in the way that this is done.
A new National Plan Against Racism is a key way in which this can be done rather than waiting for events that may force such a plan, including the emergence of extreme political parties and politicians in Ireland.
Fire at hotel, earmarked as Direct Provision Centre, Roosky, Co. Roscommon.